Gene Patents | Legal Documents

Diamond v. Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303 (1980)
The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Diamond v. Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303 (1980), upheld a patent issued on a genetically engineered organism.

Funk Bros. Seed Co. v. Kalo Inoculent Co., 333 U.S. 127 (1948)

Harvard College v. Canada [2002] 219 D.L.R. (4th) 577
This Supreme Court of Canada decision prevented the patenting of higher life forms by denying a patent on a genetically modified mouse.

Lab. Corp. of Am. Holdings v. Metabolite Labs., Inc., 126 S.Ct. 2921 (2006)

U.S. Patent Statute, 35 U.S.C. 101, et seq. (2007)

The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) was introduced by the World Trade Organization in an attempt to reduce the gap in intellectual property rights among its 147 member States. It discusses intellectual property rights as well as rules on enforcement and dispute resolution of intellectual property rights.

European Parliament Directive 98/44/EC
Directive 98/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 1998 on the Legal Protection of Biotechnology Inventions was drafted to clarify how basic patent protection requirements apply to biological materials in European Union member States.

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